Art is the process or product of deliberately arranging elements in a way that appeals to the senses or emotions. It encompasses a diverse range of Human activities, creations and modes of expression, including Music and Literature. The meaning of art is explored in a branch of Philosophy known as Aesthetics.
The definition and evaluation of Art has become especially problematic since the early 20th Century. Richard Wollheim distinguishes three approaches: the Realist, whereby aesthetic quality is an absolute value independent of any human view; the Objectivist, whereby it is also an absolute value, but is dependent on general Human experience; and the Relativist position, whereby it is not an absolute value, but depends on and varies with, the Human experience of different Humans. An object may be characterized by the intentions, or lack thereof, of its creator, regardless of its apparent purpose. A cup, which ostensibly can be used as a container, may be considered art if intended solely as an ornament, while a painting may be deemed craft if mass-produced.
As a process, Architecture is the activity of designing and constructing buildings and other Physical Structures by a person or a Computer, primarily to provide shelter. A wider definition often includes the design of the total built Environment, from the Macro level of how a building integrates with its surrounding landscape ( town planning, urban design and landscape architecture) to the micro level of architectural or Construction details and, sometimes, furniture. Wider still, architecture is the activity of designing any kind of System.
We cover all areas of art and Architecture Studies, including Abstraction and Construction of Art, American painting, the Art and Architecture of the Renaissance, Baroque Art, Abstract Expressionism, Oceanic Art, Photography, French Art and Architecture, Abstract Art, Baroque Architecture, miniature painting Byzantine icons, Canadian Art, Roman Art and Architecture, Russian Art, Minimalism, Modern Architecture.