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  • Linguistics 2100 Exam 1

    1. Between you and me is grammatical. Between you true and I is a hypercorrection that some speakers of English resort to because they were taught it is better to say he and I than me and him.

    2. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the characteristics given.

    voiced alveolar lateral liquid: []

    a)

    [l]

    b) [ɹ]

    c)

    [w]

    d) [j]

    a

    3. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the characteristics given. voiced labiodental fricative: []

    a) [z]

    b)

    [m]

    c) [f]

    d) [v]

    d

    1. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the B characteristics given. voiced post-alveolar affricate: []
    1. [s]
    2. [dʒ]
    3. [tʃ]

    4. d)

      [ʃ]
    1. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the C characteristics given. voiced post-alveolar fricative: []

    a)

    [j]

    1. b) [ʃ] c) [ʒ]
    2. d) [dʒ]
    1. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the a 11. Give the conventional spelling for the following ridge characteristics given. phonetically transcribed word:

    voiced velar nasal (stop): [] Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck a. [ŋ]

    7. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the characteristics given. voiceless glottal fricative: []

    [k]

    [h]

    [ʔ]

    [g]

    B

    8. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [kɹud]

    crude

    9. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [liʒɹˌ] (Note the syllabic ɹ)

    liesure

    10. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [ɹitʃ]

    reach

    [ɹɪdʒ] b. [m]

    1. [n]
    2. [g]
    3. How do you transcribe, booth, in IPA? a 23. Select the characteristics (there are 3) labiodental, of the following IPA symbol: voiceless,

    Question options: fricative

    [f] a)

    [buθ] voiced b)

    [booθ] voiceless

    1. c) labiodental

    12. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [ɹut]

    root

    13. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [seɪl]

    sail

    14. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [sloʊp]

    slope

    15. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [sɹˌtʃt] (Not the syllabic ɹ)

    searched

    16. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [sʌni]

    sunny

    17. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

    Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

    [wɔɹm]

    warm

    19. How do you transcribe, catch, in IPA?

    Question options:

    a)

    [kætʃ]

    b) [kaʃ]

    c)

    [cæʃ]

    d)

    [catch]

    a

    20. In casual styles of speaking, English speakers frequently end sentences with prepositions; in formal situations this is usually avoided.

    true

    21. It's me is not ungrammatical. It is just informal

    TRUE

    22. People who say ain't violate a descriptive rule of English.

    False

    alveolar

    stop

    fricative

    affricate

    1. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of high, front,

    the following vowel sound: unrounded, lax

    [ɪ]

    24. Select the characteristics (there are 3) of the following IPA symbol:

    [ʃ]

    voiceless, postaveolar, frictative

    25. Select the characteristics (there are 3) of the following IPA symbol:

    [z]

    voiced, alveolar, fricative

    26. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following IPA symbol:

    [n]

    voiced, alveolar, stop

    27. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following IPA symbol:

    [ŋ]

    voiced, nasal, velar, stop

    28. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

    [æ]

    low, front, unrounded, lax

    29. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

    [ɛ]

    mid, front, unrounded, lax

    [bʊð]

    dental d)

    [baʊθ]

    31. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

    [u]

    high, back, rounded, tense

    32. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

    [ʊ]

    high, back, rounded, lax

    33. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

    [ʌ]

    mid, central, unrounded, lax

    34. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: batch

    [bætʃ]

    [bɑtʃ]

    [bæʃ]

    [baθ]

    a

    35. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: cough

    [kɑf]

    [cof]

    [kælf]

    [kɑph]

    a

    1. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following a word: crowd

    [kɹɑʊd]

    [cɹɑʊd]

    [kɹoʊd]

    [kɹud]

    37. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: easy

    [izi]

    [ezi]

    [ɪzɪ]

    [isi]

    a

    38. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: prays

    [pɹɛs]

    [pɹɑɪs]

    [pɹeɪz]

    [pɹɪz]

    c

    1. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following a 43. What English consonant is being described: a word: voiceless labiodental fricative

    touch

    Question options:

    [tʌtʃ] a)

    [f]

    [tutʃ]

    b)

    [b]

    [tʌch]

    c)

    [toutʃ] [v]

    40. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: vision

    [vɪʒɪn]

    [vizin]

    [vɪtʃɪn]

    [vidʒɪn]

    a

    41. The sentence My mother liked is descriptively grammatical

    false

    42. What English consonant is being described: voiced interdental fricative

    Question options:

    a) [z]

    b) [θ]

    c) [ð]

    d) [ʒ]

    c

    d)

    [m]

    1. What English consonant is being described: b

    voiceless post-alveolar fricative

    Question options:

    1. a) [s]

    b)

    [ʃ]

    1. [f]
    2. [ʒ]
    1. What English vowel is being described: a

    high back tense rounded

    Question options:

    1. a) [u]

    b)

    [i]

    1. c) [o]

    d)

    [ʊ]

    1. What English vowel is being described: a

    low front lax unrounded

    Question options:

    a)

    [æ]

    1. [ə]
    2. [ɛ]

    • [a]
    1. What English vowel is being described: d

    mid back lax rounded

    Question options:

    1. [u]
    2. [ɑ]
    3. [ɛ]

    • [ɔ]
    1. What English word is transcribed here in IPA: a

    [dɪtʃ]

    Question options:

    1. ditch
    2. dish
    3. ditz
    4. dice
    1. What English word is transcribed here in IPA: a

    [kɹʌm]

    Question options:

    a)

    crumb

    b)

    cram

    c)

    groom

    d)

    crown

    50. What vowel is described below:

    high front tense unrounded

    I

    51. What vowel is described below:

    low back lax unrounded

    ɑ

    52. What vowel is described below:

    mid back lax rounded

    ɔ

    53. What vowel is described below:

    mid front lax unrounded

    ɛ

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