1) The true owners of the corporation are the:
2) In terms of organizational costs, which of the following sequences is correct, moving from lowest to highest cost?
3) Which of the following best describes the goal of the firm?
4)____ is a method of offering securities to a limited number of investors.
5) Money market instruments include:
6) When public corporations decide to raise cash in the capital markets, what type of financing vehicle is most favored?
7) According to the agency problem, ____ represent the principals of a corporation.
8) Difficulty in finding profitable projects is due to:
9) Which of the following is NOT a principle of basic financial management?
10) Marshall Networks, Inc. has a total asset turnover of 2.5% and a net profit margin of 3.5%. The firm has a return on equity of 17.5%. Calculate Marshall’s debt ratio.
11) The accounting rate of return on stockholders’ investments is measured by:
12) Which of the following financial ratios is the best measure of the operating effectiveness of a firm’s management?
13) Northwest Bank pays a quoted annual (nominal) interest rate of 4.75%. However, it pays interest (compouned) daily using a 365-day year. What is the effective annual rate of return (APY)?
14) Suppose that you wish to save for your child's college education by opening up an educational IRA. You plan to deposit $100 per month into the IRA for the next 18 years. Assume that you will be able to earn 10%, compounded monthly, on your investment. How much will you have accumulated at the end of 18 years?
15) You have $10,000 to invest. You do not want to take any risk, so you will put the funds in a savings account at the local bank. Of the following choices, which one will produce the largest sum at the end of 22 years?
16) The primary purpose of a cash budget is to:
17) Which of the following is NOT a basic function of a budget?
18) Which of the following statements about the percent-of-sales method of financial forecasting is true?
19) Which of the following is a non-cash expense?
20) A plant can remain operating when sales are depressed:
21) The break-even model enables the manager of a firm to:
22) How long will it take $750 to double at 8% compounded annually?
23) Which of the following is the formula for compound value?
24) The present value of a single future sum:
25) Which of the following is NOT considered a permanent source of financing?
26) A toy manufacturer following the hedging principle will generally finance seasonal inventory build-up prior to the Christmas season with:
27) Which of the following is considered to be a spontaneous source of financing?
28) We compute the profitability index of a capital-budgeting proposal by:
29) Your company is considering a project with the following cash flows: Initial outlay = $1,748.80 Cash flows Years 1–6 = $500 Compute the IRR on the project.
30) For the NPV criteria, a project is acceptable if the NPV is____, while for the profitability index, a project is acceptable if the profitability index is ___.
31) You have been asked to analyze a capital investment proposal. The project’s cost is $2,775,000. Cash inflows are projected to be $925,000 in Year 1; $1,000,000 in Year 2; $1,000,000 in Year 3; $1,000,000 in Year 4; and $1,225,000 in Year 5. Assume that your firm discounts capital projects at 15.5%. What is the project’s MIRR?
32) Which of the following is considered to be a deficiency of the IRR?
33) Most firms use the payback period as a secondary capital-budgeting technique, which, in a sense, allows them to control for risk.
34) ABC Service can purchase a new assembler for $15,052 that will provide an annual net cash flow of $6,000 per year for five years. Calculate the NPV of the assembler if the required rate of return is 12%. (Round your answer to the nearest $1.)
35) The firm should accept independent projects if:
36) The NPV assumes cash flows are reinvested at the:
37) The average cost associated with each additional dollar of financing for investment projects is:
38) The most expensive source of capital is:
39) PepsiCo uses 30-year Treasury bonds to measure the risk-free rate because:
40) Shawhan Supply plans to maintain its optimal capital structure of 30% debt, 20% preferred stock, and 50% common stock far into the future. The required return on each component is: debt–10%; preferred stock–11%; and common stock–18%. Assuming a 40% marginal tax rate, what after-tax rate of return must Shawhan Supply earn on its investments if the value of the firm is to remain unchanged?
41) Bender and Co. is issuing a $1,000 par value bond that pays 9% interest annually. Investors are expected to pay $918 for the 10-year bond. Bender will have to pay $33 per bond in flotation costs. What is the cost of debt if the firm is in the 34% tax bracket?
42) The XYZ Company is planning a $50 million expansion. The expansion is to be financed by selling $20 million in new debt and $30 million in new common stock. The before-tax required rate of return on debt is 9%, and the required rate of return on equity is 14%. If the company is in the 40% tax bracket, what is the marginal cost of capital?
43) Zybeck Corp. projects operating income of $4 million next year. The firm’s income tax rate is 40%. Zybeck presently has 750,000 shares of common stock which have a market value of $10 per share, no preferred stock, and no debt. The firm is considering two alternatives to finance a new product: (a) the issuance of $6 million of 10% bonds, or (b) the issuance of 60,000 new shares of common stock. If Zybeck issues common stock this year, what will projected EPS be next year?
44) Lever Brothers has a debt ratio (debt to assets) of 40%. Management is wondering if its current capital structure is too conservative. Lever Brothers’s present EBIT is $3 million, and profits available to common shareholders are $1,560,000, with 342,857 shares of common stock outstanding. If the firm were to instead have a debt ratio of 60%, additional interest expense would cause profits available to stockholders to decline to $1,440,000, but only 228,571 common shares would be outstanding. What is the difference in EPS at a debt ratio of 60% versus 40%?
45) Lever Brothers has a debt ratio (debt to assets) of 20%. Management is wondering if its current capital structure is too conservative. Lever Brothers’s present EBIT is $3 million, and profits available to common shareholders are $1,680,000, with 457,143 shares of common stock outstanding. If the firm were to instead have a debt ratio of 40%, additional interest expense would cause profits available to stockholders to decline to $1,560,000, but only 342,857 common shares would be outstanding. What is the difference in EPS at a debt ratio of 40% versus 20%?
46) A bond sold simultaneously in several different foreign capital markets, but denominated in a currency different from the country in which the bond is issued, is called a(n):
47) Which of the following statements about exchange rates is true?
48) Capital markets in foreign countries:
49) A spot transaction occurs when one currency is:
50) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
51) The interplay between interest rate differentials and exchange rates such that both adjust until the foreign exchange market and the money market reach equilibrium is called the:
52) One reason for international investment is to reduce:
53) An important (additional) consideration for a direct foreign investment is:
54) Buying and selling in more than one market to make a riskless profit is called:
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