The increase in the rate of fertility is owing to peer pressure and dearth of knowledge regarding contraceptive. The teenage mothers who are pregnant often have to stop attending school on account of morning sickness and baby bump.
High rate of pregnancy is caused due to lack of education. Poverty along with unemployment also leads to pregnancy in teenagers. The teenagers residing in Whittlesea are callous about their health which leads to the rate of fertility being very high. The health of the new born children is also affected by this and the incidence of neonatal depression is extremely high. Improper knowledge regarding co
ntraceptive method also creates a large burden in the society.
I think since the teenagers are deprived of adequate prenatal care which leads to health problems in their babies later on. The teenage women as a result falls prey to anemia or may suffer from the damage caused by low blood iron. Irregular diet thus puts both the mother and their infant at risk. They suffer from nutritional deficiency and the infants do not get immunization that leads to a lot of diseases. The children suffer from depression because they are often neglected (Allen et al.,2014). I think that intellectual underdevelopment is caused owing to children born prematurely. It has been found with the help of Regional health status profile that was conducted in the year 2012 revealed that fertility rate was around 2438 birth in mothers whose age range from 15-45. The increase in the rate of fertility is owing to peer pressure and dearth of knowledge regarding contraceptive. The teenage mothers who are pregnant often have to stop attending school on account of morning sickness and baby bump. I think that hypertension and anaemia accounts to a great reason to the malnourishment of mothers whose body is not strong enough to withstand the pain and complications of childbirth. Routine check up is extremely essential as it would help the healthcare workers in monitoring progress of baby and vitamins can be supplied to them that would reduce the chances of any kind of risk during the later stages of their life (Bauer et al.,2014).
I think stress after childbirth is responsible for headaches and insomonia since the new mother worries about their new born children. Depression occurs when the new born cannot deal with so much of stress because the child is refusing to eat or breastfeed properly. The baby will crying and refuse to latch into the nipple of the mother thus causing the mother acute discomfort (Kendall-Tackett 2016). It will make the mother feel restless and purposeless and her mind will veer towards depression. Single mothers indulge in a great deal of smoking because they have to singlehandedly take care of their children. Even some of the mothers engage themselves in drinking because they cannot deal with the stress. Cannabis that is used to create anxiety and cocaine are the drugs that are most commonly used (Prost et al.,2013).
I think proper government inspection and awareness would be able to solve this problem to a great extent and family and society should take active steps to take care of both the newborn as well as the new mother. Health service will be able to promote and ensure best health outcome of the young mothers and their new born.
Allen, J., Balfour, R., Bell, R., & Marmot, M. (2014). Social determinants of mental health. International Review of Psychiatry, 26(4), 392-407.
Bauer, A., Parsonage, M., Knapp, M., Iemmi, V., & Adelaja, B. (2014). Costs of perinatal mental health problems.
Kendall-Tackett, K. A. (2016). Depression in new mothers: Causes, consequences and treatment alternatives. Taylor & Francis.
Prost, A., Colbourn, T., Seward, N., Azad, K., Coomarasamy, A., Copas, A., ... & MacArthur, C. (2013). Women's groups practising participatory learning and action to improve maternal and newborn health in low-resource settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet, 381(9879), 1736-1746.
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