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Hybrid Cars vs Conventional Cars

Abstract

This paper will show the difference between Hybrid cars and Conventional cars, moreover it will also help in understanding the internal combustion engine that which type of car is more suitable and comfortable for us and environment. The conventional cars generates their power uniquely from an internal combustion engine, whereas hybrid car comprises of an engine that is combines the internal combustion technology and electric motor technology. Evaluating the unitary operating cost of the hybrid and conventional car in order the Understand that which car is more favorable. The main comparison includes Financial Benefits, Environmentally friendly, dependency on Fuel, manufacturing material and Resale value, that which type would be more approving or appealing.

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

We consider cars a transport that makes our journey convenient, which is true but there are Some things to evaluate before going through the selecting procedure. The most important thing to understand is that which car is more environmental friendly, give economical performance, is easy to use and that provide more comfort. These specific aspects values a lot in making the decision.

Statement of the problem

Problems related to Hybrid and Conventional cars, the cost of both types of cars and whether they are environment friendly or not. Problems faced by consumers in Maintenance cost of both hybrid and conventional cars.

Research Question

Primary Research Questions

The Primary research questions of Hybrid vs Conventional cars are:

  • What is Hybrid Car?
  • What is Conventional Car?
  • What is the difference between hybrid and conventional cars?
  • Which type of car do you think give more mileage?
  • Which type of car is less expensive to maintain?
  • Which type of car is environment friendly?
  • Which type of car is better for Economy?
  • Which type of car is good for long distance driving?

Research Objectives

The main objective of this study is to find out that which type of car (hybrid or conventional) is more suitable for public. What special aspects both these type have that give better performance to the individual, and which type is more better for Economy.

Significance of Study

The Difference between Hybrid cars and conventional cars have been examined in this study. Every little aspects that individual looks before buying a new car. Hybrid cars includes electric engine, battery and combustion engine. The use of hybrid cars provide less pollution and on average this cars gives more mileage. This car is environment friendly and reduces dependency on fuel, but the on account the price of hybrid cars is more than conventional cars, whereas, Conventional cars includes only conventional engine (petroleum, gas etc.). this car greater raw power and it covers long distances, e.g. A 20 gallon gas tank on a car has about an average fuel economy of 20 miles per gallon. The cost of conventional cars is less that hybrid cars, but these types of cars contribute to the pollution as it emits smoke etc. and its relies on Fossil fuel.

Limitations and Delimitations

Questionnaire has been used in this research to gather data. A questionnaire is an instrument for collecting data, and almost always involve asking a given subject to respond to a set of oral and written questions. While there are many positives to questionnaires, dishonesty can be an issue. Thus, Respondents may not have been 100 percent truthful with their answers. Respondents may have trouble grasping the meaning of some questions that may seem clear to the creator. This miscommunication might have led to skewed results. Because the responses are fixed, there could have less scope for respondents to supply answers which reflects their true feelings on a topic.(Creswell, J. 2015)

LITERATURE REVIEW

The world is moving towards optimum utilization of energy due to scarcity of fossil fuels and global warming. Deriving from this evidence, in 21st century, production processes has been influenced by eco-friendly mechanisms across the globe. Auto has industry has also shown remarked improvement by producing fuel efficient and environment friendly cars. The research done by Djamel Rahmani, Maria L. Loureiro explores the importance of monetary and non-monetary incentives based on consumer behavior. The results state that people perceive Hybrid cars to be environment friendly than conventional cars. However, around 62% of drivers perceived Hybrid cars to be more expensive, 14% found them slower, and 18% found it less powerful than conventional cars. The research model found that drivers prefer cheaper cars with low fuel consumption implying fuel economy may be an attractive reason to buy hybrid cars. Similarly, the motivation of “going green” due to low CO2 emissions is another reason to encourage drivers to buy Hybrid cars. (Djamel Rahmani, 2018) Moreover, discussing the consumer preferences, the article “Why do people buy hybrid cars?” has reportedly found that people choosing hybrid vehicles evaluated the purchase differently from buyers choosing conventional vehicles. In the sample, hybrid buyers were mainly concerned with whether the car would improve their social standing and personal image by driving eco-friendly cars. This finding is consistent with that reported by Griskevicius, Tybur & Van den Bergh (2010). Buyers of conventional cars were more concerned with the car’s functionality, cost and quality and were less concerned whether the car made them socially popular. (Chua, 2010) One of the unfavorable comparison to gasoline car is the long run sustainability of hybrid cars still stands, which explains why electric vehicles currently on the market may have short ranges of only 100 miles as compared to the conventional cars, however still having battery packs that occupy five times the more space than a tank of gas. It may be viewed that this range is suitable for most daily commuters driving, but in order for battery power to truly replace gasoline in all automotive applications and making it sustainable, entirely new battery chemistries must be invented. These might include lithium-air batteries, which replace the heavy positive terminal with air, thus providing theoretical specific energies comparable to that of gasoline. (Girishkumar, 2010).

METHODOLOGY

Design of study

Quantitative research implies gathering information in numerical structure to get target information. Subjective research implies assemble information in emotional structure to break down and translate information. A survey has been structured comprising of both quantitative and qualitative inquiries. It was then circulated in the university. It was anything but an online poll, rather participants proceeded to circulate the paper survey and gathered it quickly when the understudies finished the poll. Information was then gathered, sorted out, broke down and translated.

Population and sampling:

Students at university and random car buyers were selected for the research.

Participants were selected through random sampling. A simple random sample is a subset of a statistical population in which each member of the subset has an equal probability of being chosen. This technique was chosen since it is considered as a fair way of selecting a sample from a given population since every member is given equal opportunities of being selected. The participants selected aged from 18 to 50, consisting of equal males and females. Thus, the sample had no ethnocentric bias and was representative.

Research instruments

Some of the interviews used to collect data include: questionnaire. Questionnaire will be used to collect data and information about the response of people towards Hybrid and conventional vehicles and how they affect their comfort of life. All participants will be asked the same set of questions. Field professionals were interviewed accordingly.

Data collection

For data collection, questionnaire and interviews will be used. Google documents will be used so all the information and data that has been collected can be compiled in one place which will make it easier to analyze the data. While the analysis will be carried out, patterns and trends will be observed.

Data analysis

Analytical tools used for quantitative data will be knoema; analysis of variance, a statistical method in which the variation in a set of observations is divided into distinct components and for qualitative OPEN-REFINE; a powerful tool for working with messy data: cleaning it, transforming it from one format into another, and extending it with web services and external data. It can help you explore large data sets with ease.

Legal and ethical considerations

Consent will be taken from participants and the administration of the university before the conduction of the research. The participants and the administration will be debriefed about the aims of the study after conducting the research. Participant’s name and bio data will be kept confidential. participants will voluntarily take part in the study. Very limited deception will be carried out to get reliable results. Field professional interviews will be held with prior appointment and consent.

Time schedule

The research would begin by firstly designing an accurate questionnaire, selecting precise and accurate questions for interview that stick to topic and are less time consuming. Selecting a sample and then keeping in mind the correct instruments, and then conduct the research individually and in university. After the data will be collected, steps would be taken to compile it efficiently so data can be analyzed easily and then interpreted to find the conclusions and answers to the research objectives.

QUESTIONNAIRE

1. Would you Prefer Hybrid Cars over Conventional Cars?

□Yes □No

2. Which car have you used latest?

□Hybrid Cars □Conventional Cars

3. Which type of car is less expensive?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

4. Which type of car do you think give more mileage?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

5. Which type of car is good for long distance driving?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

6. Which type of car has good battery lifetime?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

7. Which type of car is more environment friendly?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

8. Which type of car is more reliable/better in Quality?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

9. Which type of car is easy to maintain?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

10. Which type of car is better Economically?

□ Hybrid Cars □ Conventional Cars

Interview Questions

  1. What are conventional cars?
  2. What are hybrid cars?
  3. What are the differences between hybrid and conventional cars?

Bibliography

Chua, W. Y. (2010). Why do people buy hybrid cars?

Creswell . J 2015

Djamel Rahmani, M. L. (2018). Why is the market for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) moving slowly? PLOS.

Girishkumar, G. M. (2010). Lithium-Air Battery: Promise and Challenges. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters

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