This quiz includes 10 questions about material covered in the Lesson 1 lecture videos and readings.
One type of federal court gets its name from the fact that it derives its power from a certain provision of the U.S. Constitution. These courts are known as:
Article I Courts
Article II Courts
Article III Courts
Article IV Courts
The category of law that regulates all aspects of agreements between parties is called:
In a U.S. civil trial, who assesses evidence to determine the facts of the case?
- the jury, in cases where a jury is present
- the trial judge, in cases where there is no jury
both A and B
neither A nor B
A state court's authority to prosecute an individual who is physically present in the state for a crime committed in that state is an example of:
"In State" Jurisdiction
"In Rem" Jurisdiction
"In Personam" Jurisdiction
"In Situ" Jurisdiction
The method of pretrial discovery that involves taking witnesses' oral testimony under oath is called:
a Pretrial Conference
The category of law that is based on legal codes (such as the Napoleonic Code)and statutes enacted by legislatures, and which is common in many European countries, is known as:
In law, a "tort" is a:
contractual-based claim for damages
criminal violation resulting in a maximum penalty of less than one year
procedural mechanism that allows the accused to assert a defense to the alleged crime
civil wrong resulting in injury or harm that constitutes the basis for a claim by the injured party
The usual standard of evidence in civil cases, which is generally interpreted as being anything greater than 50% probability, is called:
evidence beyond a reasonable doubt
preponderance of the evidence
clear and convincing evidence
protects the rights of individuals by giving them access to the courts to assert claims for monetary damages
protects society as a whole by using punishment to deter criminal action and rehabilitate offenders
interprets and implements the U.S. Constitution with respect to intergovernmental and government/individual relationships
is based on Roman law embodied in Justinian's Code and the Napoleonic Code
Laws and legal principles made by administrative agencies (both Federal and state) that govern their administration and regulation are referred to as:
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