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Sex education in Nevada

Sex education in Nevada

Sex education is an important topic discussed inn academic institutions, organizations among other place. The approach plays a crucial role to help individuals get the appropriate information, skills and together with motivation tom make wise decisions about sex and sexuality. Importantly, planned parenthood is one of the biggest providers of sex education across United States because it reaches 1,2 million people annually (Gardner, 2015). For emphasis, sex education touches on various topics related to sex and sexuality. The strategy specifically explores values and beliefs about sex and sexuality to help navigate through relationships coupled with the management of sexual health. Over the years, states have engaged in strategies to provide sex education in schools, communities and online. Nevada, New York, District of Columbia are among the states which have embraced the approach to provide section education to people (Lashof-Sullivan, 2015). According to Kaiser Family Foundation Study, approximately 90% of the 20 million public schools takes sex education at least once between the 7th and the 9th grade (Gardner, 2015). As discusses, several states across the country have several laws related to sex education. These provisions range from general mandates to more specific procedures. Importantly, the AIDS epidemic forced a notable number of states to implement more strategies talk about HIV/AIDS coupled with sexually transmitted infections. paper will focus on the Nevada Sex education guidelines.

Significantly, the Sex Education Operational Guide was established as an adjustment of the K-12 Curriculum Developed. The provisions were plays a fundamental role to create units which touches on human reproductive system communicable diseases together with sexual responsibility and issues related to AIDS (Shapiro & Brown, 2018). Moreover, the guidelines provide an emphasis on the specific instructions given to fifth grade students coupled with eighth grade students in high school. Specifically, this group of students are the predominant of beneficiaries of the sex education policy in Nevada. The standards of the sex education instructions focus on abstinence. For clarity, abstinence is the most effective method to avoid sexual transmitted infections coupled with unplanned pregnancies (Owens & Shegog, 2017). The predominant components of abstinence- based sex education are factual instructions related different types of contraception, their functions not forgetting effectiveness of the contraceptive methods.

The goal of sex education instruction in CCSD

The initiative to provide sex education to students involves the creation of awareness about the body and the reproductive system. Individuals are in a position to understand themselves in relationships consequently making responsible and wise decisions (Owens & Shegog, 2017). The approach also provides a conducive environment because the students usually feel safe socially, emotionally and physically. At times, the students disclose very crucial information which helps the CCSD to solve issues related to child abuse and neglect. Other information disclosed by students always touch on communicable diseases, SDTDs, and STIs and this plays a crucial role in understanding the health status of the students to take the appropriate action. It is important to note that the quality of sex education in classroom is solely depended on the teacher. The topic is a sensitive matter because it touches on the needs of students together with the community (Owens & Shegog, 2017). Sex education instructions in CCSD must specifically be handled with sensitivity due to ethnic diversity, religious plus cultural differences existing in every community. Therefore, training of teachers and nurses plays a fundamental role to ensure the sex education initiatives becomes a success. Furthermore, the nurses and teachers can provide more information to students to address issues related to sex education.

Table 1: Targets of sex education in grade five

Topics

Objectives

Human Reproductive System

· The topics targets to help the student understand the male and female reproductive system (Shapiro & Brown, 2018).

· Creates terminologies to facilitated a dignified discussion regarding the body parts and the processes

· The topic also helps the students to understand the changes happening in their bodies during the puberty stage (Shapiro & Brown, 2018).

· Importantly human reproductive system talks about the emotional changes accompanying the physical changes in puberty.

· Lastly, the topics touches in the significance of personal hygiene and both boys and girls (Owens & Shegog, 2017).

AIDS and Related Communicable Diseases

· This topic focuses on the discussions how HIV is transmitted among individuals.

· Additionally, it teaches the students how HIV/AIDS impacts the immune system (Owens & Shegog, 2017).

Sexual Responsibility

· This topic plays a fundamental role to help the students make wise decisions because bad choices can impact their lives negatively.

· The topic further creates awareness about the importance of taking personal responsibilities for their actions (Shapiro & Brown, 2018).

· Sexual responsibility also creates a platform for positive and open communications with the parents and guardians.

Table 2: Targets of sex education and health in grade eight

Topics

Objectives

Human Reproductive System

· Targets to create an understanding of the structures and functions of the reproductive system.

· Describes the reproductive systems using the correct anatomical terms.

· Takes note of the physical changes happening during adolescence (Owens & Shegog, 2017).

· Adding to this, the topic discusses the emotional, mental changes associated with puberty.

· The stages and the process of fertilization is also discussed in this topic not forgetting the signs and stages of pregnancies.

· Human and reproductive system in this stage discusses the significance of seeking advice from trusted individuals including adults and health professionals (Shapiro & Brown, 2018).

· The individuals help the students in grade 8 to understand the problems associated with the reproductive system

· It also talks about the physical, social together with emotional changes during pregnancy.

AIDS and Related Communicable Diseases

· The topics touches in the acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases among individuals.

· It goes further to discuss the signs, symptoms and prevention of sexually transmitted infections.

· The topic also defines HIV/AIDS and emphasizes that it is not acquired through casual contact (Owens & Shegog, 2017).

Sexual Responsibility

· Focuses on the maintenance of positive communication with parents and guardians.

· Teaches the students about sexual activity coupled with the sources of influence to engage in sexual activity.

· Talks about the emotional and social consequences regarding the participation in sexual activity (Owens & Shegog, 2017).

· Compare between the difference between health and unhealthy relationships.

· At this stage, the conflict management techniques are incorporated.

· Furthermore, family relationships and the importance of abstinence is also discussed in this topic.

· Issues touching on contraceptives and the methods are discussed to help the understand the ways to avoid unplanned pregnancies (Owens & Shegog, 2017).

· In the event of a pregnancy, students are taught the impacts of substance use on the mother and developing fetus.

· Sexual responsibility also talks about the things involving in parenting.

· It also helps the students understand about the statutory rape pursuant to Nevada law

· Lastly, it emphasizes on the appropriate age of consent pursuant to Nevada law.

Table 3: Targets of sex education and health in high school.

Topics

Objectives

Human Reproductive System

· Examines the structures of the endocrine system which is very crucial in reproduction and body changes among individuals.

· The topic also discusses the importance of self-examination in an effort to maintain reproductive health.

· It helps individuals recognize the early stages of pregnancy.

· Importantly, the risks associated with teenage pregnancies coupled with the definition of zygote, embryo and fetus.

· The topics also discusses the common defects related to birth plus the stages in labor.

AIDS and Related Communicable Diseases

· The topic in this stage classifies all the sexual transmitted diseases using the symptoms and the predominant causes (Shapiro & Brown, 2018).

· Differentiate between HIV and AIDS.

· Enlightens the high school learners abut different ways to treat and manage STIs and STDs.

Sexual Responsibility

· It explains the different functions of contraceptive methods and the implications of different.

· Expound on the emotional and physical consequences of sexual activity (Owens & Shegog, 2017).

· Moreover, the topic talks about the components and significance of prenatal healthcare.

· At this stage, it is important to enlighten the students about the financial obligations towards and family and raising kids.

· Also, an emphasis on the statutory rape pursuant to Nevada law is discussed.

· The topics concludes with talks on the consequence of violating the age consent according to Nevada law.

In conclusion, sex education is an important topic discussed inn academic institutions, organizations among other place. The approach plays a crucial role to help individuals get the appropriate information, skills and together with motivation tom make wise decisions about sex and sexuality. Importantly, planned parenthood is one of the biggest providers of sex education across United States because it reaches 1,2 million people annually. For emphasis, sex education touches on various topics related to sex and sexuality. Significantly, the Sex Education Operational Guide was established as an adjustment of the K-12 Curriculum Developed. The provisions were plays a fundamental role to create units which touches on human reproductive system communicable together with sexual responsibility and issues related to AIDS. Moreover, the guidelines provide an emphasis on the specific instructions given to fifth grade students coupled with eighth grade students in high school. Specifically, this group of students are the predominant of beneficiaries of the sex education policy in Nevada.

References

Gardner, E. A. (2015). Abstinence-only sex education: College students’ evaluations and responses. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 10(2), 125-139.

Lashof-Sullivan, M. (2015). Sex education in schools. Geo. J. Gender & L., 16, 263.

Owens, S. D., & Shegog, M. (2017). Teen Sexuality and Pregnancy in Nevada.

Shapiro, S., & Brown, C. (2018). Sex Education Standards across the States. Center for American progress.

https://www.ccsd.net/parents/resources/pdf/sex-ed/SexEdOpGuide-May-2016.pdf

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