This paper approaches the conception of the juveniles locked up with adults from a correction perspective. It primarily addresses various issues correctional agencies are likely to face while dealing with the youth. From the youth perspective, the paper gives an illustration of the more therapeutic interventions as detected from juvenile detention centers. The relationship existing between youth and staff is instrumental though very lacking in adult facilities where staffing ratios are relatively smaller. The paper further analyses the services available to the youth in adult facilities vs. the services required by the youth and the capability of the adult facilities to offer such services.
The selected topic for this research is: Should Juveniles be tried as Adults? The basis of selecting this topic is embedded on the fact that youths are known to commit only a considerable portion of the country’s crime. The conflict arises where some countries and states have high records of crimes committed by youths, whereas in other nations, the rate is too low that it does not suggest if the youth should be treated as adults. The second basis of the choice of this topic is that some of the crimes committed by the youths are equivalent (similar) to those crimes committed by real adults. Since the gravity of the heinous crimes is same, it puts a question as to whether both groups should face the same treatment and trial in courts of law.
It is increasingly becoming common for juvenile offenders to end up in the adult criminal system. The underlying rationale for transferring youths to adult courts is that minors should be subjected to suffer “adult time for adult crime.” Juveniles who commit complicated crimes tend to possess adult maturity of competency and judgment, a factor that has triggered the possibility of high increase in the figure of juveniles being transferred to adult court.
Major Characteristics of the Audience
This research paper compiles recent case law that related to the issue of juveniles convicted as adults. The paper targets those interested in the emerging area of the law where there is remarkable movement, both in our understanding of the improvement issues of youth and how this improvement affects issues such as punishment, culpability, treatment, vulnerability, and reentry for youth convicted and sentenced in the position of adults.
The Scope of the Paper
Research Plan & Methods of Researching
The paper will base its research majorly on sociological studies that have shown that an individual’s surroundings play an instrumental effect on their development.
Bishop, Donna. (2000). “Juvenile Offenders in the Adult Criminal Justice System.” Crime and Justice: A Review of Research 27, 81
Holtzman, Anthony. (2004). “Juvenile Justice? The Increased Propensity for Juvenile Transfer to the Criminal Court System in Pennsylvania and the Need for a Revised Approach to Juvenile Offenders.” Penn State Law Review 109, 657.
Kupchik, Aaron. (2007). “The Correctional Experiences of Youth in Adult and Juvenile Prisons.” Justice Quarterly 24:2, 247-270 (June 2007).
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