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Histology Homework Help

What do you mean by Histology?

Histology also knew as microanatomy and it is considered to be the study of the anatomy of cells and also tissues of plants, animals that are using microscopy. It is initially studied by using a light microscope and electron microscope because here the specimen initially has been sectioned, mounted and stained on the microscopic slide. Histological studies have originally been demeanor in order to use tissue civilization where you discover live animal cells that are initially inaccessible in order to preserve simulated surroundings for the various investigative ventures. Therefore, the ability to visualize or either differentially identify the microscopic structures at the same time that is initially enhanced only through the use of staining and this is because histology is considered to be an essential tool of the medicine and biology. Histopathology or histology is considered be the microscopic study of diseased tissue and is also considered to be the important tool in the anatomical pathology and this is because of the accurate diagnosis of cancer and other diseases that initially requires histopathological examination through different samples. Physicians that are initially trained are frequently licensed as pathologists, as they are the ones who actually perform the histopathological examinations that initially provide the diagnostic information and are initially based on the observations. Generally, the trained personnel are the ones who basically prepare the histological specimens for the desired examinations such as histo-technicians and histo-technologists such as histology technicians or technologists and medical students at the same time for the medical laboratory technicians and biomedical scientists for their work and their field of study is known to be histo-technology.

Histological Techniques

So, if you really want to study tissues with the microscope it is important to be preserved or fixed and then cut into sections thin enough so that it looks like translucent. However, the process of fixation is described in the upcoming section. Primarily it actually consists of a chemical or a physical method of killing the tissue and retaining characteristic peculiarities of structure and shape at the same time. Then this fixation and blocks should be cut in smaller and thinner sections. One of the basic ways to make the firm block is to freeze fresh and fixed tissue. While there are other techniques as well that includes dehydration in alcohol and infiltration with paraffin and also with some similar agent and this process is essentially known to be embedding. While sections 3 to 10 microns are thick in nature and are cut on steel knives and further is mounted in an instrument known to be a microtome that initially has a precise mechanical advance. However, for the electron microscopy all of the sections are considerably less than one ten-thousandth of a millimeter thick and is accomplished in order to embed the tissue in a plastic such as Epos or Araldite known to be epoxy resins and they are then duly cut on the basis of the special ultramicrotomes which are equipped with a fine mechanical and thermal advance. Then the sections are duly cut with the glass and diamond knives and duly mounted on the copper mesh grids. While in some of the cases there is always a need of the serial sections and for this kind of techniques there is always multiple consecutive sections are required for the slides. If you make use of serial sections that usually allows the 3D structure of the tissues that need to be visualized. It is however considered to be important in order to determine the abnormality whether it is an artifact or a pathologic process.

So, in work with the light microscope, it is usually very difficult to actually recognize all of the various components of all the tissues and cells without even differential staining. The stains generally react physically and chemically because it includes a wide variety whenever possible. The staining method can anyway be altered in order to match the needs of the examiner and to accentuate the organelles and tissues at the same time. Therefore, in order to preserve the section that has been made from the block of fixed tissues and stained it is considered to be mounted on the glass slide and is initially covered with the thin cover glass by the transparent substance that initially hardens and also steals the preparation in order to make it permanent.  There are some of the tissues that are initially stained and then duly mounted and more often these tissues are genuinely placed on the side first and then initially stained and mounted as well. However, the mounted medium is generally used to attach the coverslip and must have a refractive index which is duly similar to the lass slide and also the coverslip because it helps in order to prevent the distortion.

  • Fixations
  • Staining
  • Embedding
  • Staining methods used in the lab collection


This instruction booklet is basically the funnel in order to work in the histology laboratory and each topic is however momentarily initiated and is essentially track by the list of slides with the commentary that has to be studied in the laboratory period. Generally, the purpose of the manual is actually enabling the student in order to use time efficiently and for this, you can initially refer to the PDF version of the manual. If we talk about the functional and the structural relationships than these includes organs, cells and tissues that are required throughout the course or curriculum and are generally aware as one of the simple context. All the organs and tissues that are in the body are usually composed of cells and also involve the extracellular products of the cells and this is the main reason that basically emphasizes all the basic components at the same time. However, with the understanding about the nature of the relationship in between the cells and their matrices that can be initially proceeded in order to study about the organization and about the two major components that include the basic tissues of the body. There are basically four tissues inside the body and each category is basically subdivided and these four tissues are duly organized into various other organs of the body and they actually exist as one of the interrelated functional units known to be the organ system. These four body tissues are:

  • Muscle
  • Nervous tissue
  • Epithelium
  • Connective tissue

However, they generally emphasize all of the body organs that are initially composed of varying proportions of the other four basic tissues and these tissues consist of the cells and also extracellular matrices at the same time. Therefore, this context is simple and fundamental to the study of the histology.


There are some of the methods that are duly employed only for the histological processing for the orthopedic specimens of the cemented joint arthroplasties that usually involve the treatment with the Methacrylate monomer and also organic solvents that duly dissolve the polymethyl Methacrylate cement and this may eventually deform the entire and the intimate relationship of the cells and its layers at the same time on the surface of the interface in between the bone and also the cemented implant. The authors genuinely report on a certain technique only for the smooth processing and embedding of the cemented orthopedic implants that eventually permits preservation of polymethyl Methacrylate cement as well. Basically, the method utilizes a perfect modification of the spur’s low viscosity epoxy resin in order to avoid the use of the solvent such as the acetone. Unqualified sections need to be initially prepared in order to use this method appropriately. It is however considered to be possible in order to appropriately use all of these sections in order to get a detailed histomorphologic analysis of the bone tissues and also about the soft tissue membrane that is adjacent to the polymethyl Methacrylate cement as well.

Objective of Histology

  • To learn how to actually prepare the publication quality images
  • To understand the importance in order to distinguish artifact from a meaningful cell structure
  • To learn and understand all the valid steps of the paraffin method of the section preparation
  • To demonstrate an ability to work properly and carefully and also meticulously in the laboratory
  • To prepare the thin sections of a body organ and also learn something about the cellular structure


Therefore, histology is considered to be the microscopic study of the plants and animal cells and tissues that come through sectioning and staining and also determining them under a particular microscope. There are eventually other varieties of methods that are initially used in order to study any particular tissue characteristics and microscopic structures of the cells at the same time. Histological studies are often used in forensic investigations, diagnosis, and autopsy and also in education. Histology is genuinely used in the medicine majorly in the study of the diseased tissues in order to aid the treatment. Histological staining is considered to be the series of the technical procedures that are usually undertaken in order to prepare the sample tissues by firstly staining and using the histological stains in order to aid the microscopic study at the same time. However, the procedure of the histological staining eventually takes the five stages that duly include processing, sectioning, staining, fixation and embedding. There can be great changes that can occur and can be done to improve the techniques in order to use for the histological staining only through chemical or molecular biology and also immunological techniques appropriately and collectively in order to have facilitated knowledge about the study of the body organs and the tissues as well.