Minimum Spanning Tree(MST)

  • Let G = (V, E) be a simple, connected, undirected graph that is not edge-weighted.
  • A spanning tree of G is a free tree (i.e., a tree with no root) with | V | - 1 edges that connects all the vertices of the graph.
  • Thus a minimum spanning tree for G is a graph, T = (V’, E’) with the following properties:

V’ = V

T is connected

T is acyclic.

Minimum Spanning Tree(MST)
  • A spanning tree is called a tree because every acyclic undirected graph can be viewed as a general, unordered tree. Because the edges are undirected, any vertex may be chosen to serve as the root of the tree.
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