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# Birth and Death Rates in Australia

Q.1 Explain why age adjustment can be useful for compare different population groups. What are the two most common methods of performing adjustments?

Q.2 The WHO indicators for crude death rate, disease prevalence and incidence are expressed per 100,000 population; however, data for the crude birth rate is expressed per 1,000 population.

Does the crude birth rate includes stillborn babies?

What would be considered a high birth rate? Or a low one? Provide an example of each and outline some factors that affect birth rate.

Q.3 Consider a situation in which 500 people work in the same building.

Twenty had a head cold on 1 June 2014, which conferred immunity for 3 months. How many people were at risk of head colds on 1 August 2014?

Q.4 What would be the cumulative incidence of head colds if a further 50 people became infected between 1 June and 1 August 2014?

How did you arrive at this conclusion?

Question 5

Table 7 Estimated resident population, 2011–2013, by age groups–Australia–at 30 June 2013
 2011 2012 2013 0–4 1,458,114 1,489,345 1,517,647 5–9 1,387,634 1,419,580 1,455,520 10–14 1,387,865 1,391,602 1,398,739 15–19 1,453,459 1,459,675 1,467,083 20–24 1,611,663 1,623,931 1,641,597 25–29 1,658,170 1,696,561 1,728,480 30–34 1,536,161 1,591,154 1,658,077 35–39 1,573,910 1,556,350 1,552,362 40–44 1,587,244 1,635,528 1,663,899 45–49 1,541,837 1,532,695 1,529,523 50–54 1,494,063 1,523,710 1,548,794 55–59 1,335,993 1,366,102 1,393,560 60–64 1,226,000 1,224,010 1,240,619 65–69 954,260 1,023,622 1,081,738 70–74 727,671 755,425 781,221 75–79 558,341 572,906 589,468 80–84 444,032 445,791 445,819 85–89 272,273 279,664 288,195 90–94 103,493 111,555 120,945 95–99 24,789 25,753 26,676 100 and over 3,052 3,295 3,750 All ages 22,340,024 22,728,254 23,133,712

Open the resource: Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2014). Table 1.9 Deaths summary, Australia 2002-2012. In Deaths, Australia, 2012 (No. 3302.02). Retrieved from https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3302.02012?OpenDocument

Using the table above and the ABS data from Table 1.9 describing deaths per age group, calculate:

• The crude death rate in Australia for 2012
• The age-specific death rate for Australians aged 0-4 years
• The age-specific death rate for Australians aged >85 years

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