Hepatitis B Nursing Assignment
Introduction: Hepatitis B is an infectious disease of liver which can damage organ, failure of liver and cancer also if not treated in a time period. The body get immune for the rest of the life to the virus once it is infected to a victim. The following are the reason to get infected by the virus:
- During unprotected intercourse the semen sample, saliva or vaginal discharge exchanged which is a reason of exchange of virus.
- During needlesexchange the virus spread by the contaminated blood and needles.
- During pregnancy the child get infected by the mother but is treated when vaccinated.
Symptoms: The symptoms are as followed:
- Stool of light colored.
- High temperature.
- Tiredness for a long period of time.
- Nausea, vomiting, loss interest of food.
- Pain in stomach.
Diagnosis: The patient is prescribed for blood test to notice an inflamed liver and if the high level of liver enzymes are seen them the following test has to be performed:
- HepatitisBsurfaceantigen and antibody (HBsAg): Protein on Hepatitis B virus is called antigen. Protein made by the immune cells are called antibiotics. After the infection persists from week 1 to 10 the antigen-antibodies exposure are seen in the blood.
- HepatitisBsurfaceantibody (anti-HBs): The antibodies are seen after the antigen-antibodies exposure for which the body will be immune for the rest of the life.
Treatment: It is a very long procedure. The victim has to be vaccinated with a shot of immunoglobulin of hepatitis B which will immune the body and the victim will no longer prone to be infectious. Alcohol and acetaminophen consumption is strictly prohibited in this time. Also the intake of any other drugs, food supplements, herbal medicine are not allowed without the doctor's permission.
If the victim is chronic to Hepatitis B then the following medications are prescribed:
- Entecavir (baraclude).
- Tenofovir (viread).
- Adifovir (hepsera).
- Having protection during intercourse.
- Wearing gloves while treating patients.
- Not to share personal things to others.
- Proper sterilization of tools.