Introduction: Influenza is a viral disease that targets the respiratory system. Influenza is also termed as flu. The virus moves around the air in the form of droplets and when someone diseased person sneezes, coughs or talks the virus transmitted to the healthy body through oxygen into the respiratory tract. Someone also gets the virus through direct contact with the objects as the disease is contagious.
The virus changes it’s stained constantly and if the body had a face-off with the particular virus then the body itself had produced its own antibodies which can further fight against the same virus stain in the future. But if the other stain of the virus is transmitted directly or indirectly then the disease got infected.
The disease seems to be cured as it comes on through sneezing, coughing or sore throats. But as it’s a flu, so the symptoms grow slow and steady to which got worse.
A physical exam is tested for the sign and symptoms for influenza and a procedure to detect the presence of the virus. When Influenza is an epidemic then the test is only for a particular virus strain which is widespread at that time. The patient is accordingly tested on its unique signs and symptoms.
When someone is positive for a particular stain of the virus then the patient is advisable for polymerasechainreaction (PCR). PCR is more responds to check the particular stain of the influenza virus.
Treatment: If it’s a mild or medium level of infections then it can be cured by bed rest and sufficient fluid intake. But if it’s a severe type of infections then the medication is recommended by the doctor. Antiviral medicines like oseltamivir, zanamivir, peramivir, baloxavir can make the condition stable and prevent further infections. These medicines have side effects like vomiting and nausea which can be avoided by taking food before medicine intake.